Using wide apertures to create beautiful wedding photography is so simple even a beginner can do it. A lens with a wide aperture, such as a 50mm 1.4 prime, can produce a gentle blur in the background allowing focus to remain on what it important in the shot.
Using a flash can spoil a moment, and luckily there is an alternative. Opening the aperture of your camera lets more of the light that is already present in the room into the camera, resulting in brighter, happier photos.
Natural light can be a challenge for photographers, but shooting in natural light is sometimes unavoidable. More light can be let into the camera when the aperture is widened, with the side effect that depth of field will shorten. This can cause the background to become blurry, which can be highly desirable if the goal is to maintain focus on a subjects face.
The f-stop of the camera controls the width of the aperture, the opening that allows light into the camera. The lower the f-stop, the wider the aperture will be. Using a low f-stop will result in a brighter photo.
My favourite wide aperture primes are the Canon 35 f1.4, Sigma 50 1.4, Canon 85 1.2 and Canon 45 TS-E f2.8.
Controlling depth of focus is an important key to successful photography. With a deep focus, more of the image will be sharp. Consequently, more of the image will potentially distract the viewer from the subject. A shallow focus, which can be achieved with a wide aperture, can be used to eliminate unnecessary details from the background.